Why do some people experience extreme heat and cold?

शब्द एक्स्प्रेस संवाददाता
शुक्रबार १६ ब‌ैशाख, २०७९
९ महिनाअघि
people

Even in the same environment, some people get very hot compared to others.

Some people can’t stand the heat. In summer, when you go for a walk, you usually feel hot, but after some time, your body temperature returns to normal. But this is not the case with all the people.

Our normal body temperature is 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. But this temperature can vary from person to person. Sometimes body’s temperature depends on age, gender, or activities throughout the day. Some people may experience extreme heat or extreme cold.

There are several reasons why people feel this way. Here are some reasons to experience extreme heat and cold:

Age: Older people are less able to manage their body temperature than younger people. As you grow older, your body’s metabolism slows down. Due to the slow metabolism, the body temperature of the elderly can be very low. As a result, older people are more likely to have hypothermia.

Gender: Women have less muscle than men. As a result, women get less heat from the skin pores and experience less heat than men. But menopausal and middle-aged women experience more heat than men because the hormones are changing a lot in women.

Body shape: According to experts, body shape can also be a cause of feeling very hot or cold. According to Oli Jay, a researcher in physiology at the University of Sydney, the larger the body size, the hotter it feels and the longer it takes for the body to cool down.

Body Fat: People with high body fat tend to feel warmer than others. Excess fat keeps the body warm. When you feel hot, the blood vessels dilate, through which blood flows to the skin. Heat is released through the skin, but in people with high body fat, it accumulates under the skin. Due to the accumulation of fat under the skin, you experience heat for a longer time.

Health problems: Some diseases affect the body temperature. When there is hypothyroidism, the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. As a result, important physical functions such as metabolism, energy levels of the body, etc. are not managed, which makes a person feel colder.

Apart from this, some parts of the body including feet and toes get cold and swollen due to Reynolds disease. It can also be caused by cold weather or stress. This problem causes the small arteries in the body to constrict, restricting blood flow to the affected area.

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